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Prayer Instructions

General Rules

· Whenever moving from one position to another you say Allahu Akbar. The only exception is when lifting from a bow. That is explained below.

· During the entire prayer you look at the place where the head is when in prostration. There is an exception in the Short, and Long Seatings. This is also described in the appropriate section.

· Raising the hands is at four different times in the prayer (marked in red in the text):

1. When entering the prayer.

2. Before going to the bow.

3. When lifting from the bow.

4. When getting up for the third unit. (Does not take place in the Fajr prayer since it only contains two units).

What are the Components of Each Prayer?

A prayer is made up of a number of units, one, or two seatings, and then the close of the prayer which is called tasleem because it involves turning to the right, and then to the left saying Assalamu aleikum wa rahmatullah when facing each side.

At this point I would like to explain what the components are to each of the 5 daily prayers, and then we will work on the explanation of the compenents in detail.

The five prayers are called Fajr (Dawn), dhuhr (Noon), asr (Afternoon), maghrib (Sunset), and ishaa' (Night). These are made up of 2, 4, 4, 3, and 4 units respectively. We will now look at each of these prayers in order.

Fajr (Dawn)

· Entrance to Prayer

· Pray 1st unit with loud recitation, then say Allahu Akbar, and

· Pray 2nd unit with loud recitation, then say Allahu Akbar, and

· Sit a long seating saying both tashahhud, and the Salawat Al-Ibraaheemiyyah.

· End the prayer with tasleem

dhuhr (Noon)

· Entrance to Prayer

· Pray 1st unit with silent recitation, then say Allahu Akbar, and

· Pray 2nd unit with silent recitation, then say Allahu Akbar, and

· Sit a short seating saying tashahhud, then say Allahu Akbar, and raise your hands as you get up.

· Pray 3rd unit with silent recitation, then say Allahu Akbar, and

· Pray 4th unit with silent recitation, then say Allahu Akbar, and

· Sit a long seating saying both the tashahhud, and the Salawat Al-Ibraaheemiyyah

· End the prayer with tasleem

asr (Afternoon)

Same as dhuhr

maghrib (Sunset)

· Entrance to Prayer

· Pray 1st unit with loud recitation, then say Allahu Akbar, and

· Pray 2nd unit with loud recitation, then say Allahu Akbar, and

· Sit a short seating saying tashahhud, then say Allahu Akbar, and raise your hands as you get up.

· Pray 3rd unit with silent recitation, then say Allahu Akbar, and

· Sit a long seating saying both the tashahhud, and the Salawat Al-Ibraaheemiyyah

ishaa' (Night)

Just like dhuhr and asr, but the first two units are with loud recitation, not silent.

In Summary Form

Fajr (Dawn)

Entrance + Unit + Unit + Long Seating + tasleem

dhuhr (Noon)

Entrance + Unit + Unit + Short Seating + Unit + Unit + Long Seating + tasleem

asr (Afternoon)

Entrance + Unit + Unit + Short Seating + Unit + Unit + Long Seating + tasleem

maghrib (Sunset)

Entrance + Unit + Unit + Short Seating + Unit + Long Seating + tasleem

ishaa' (Night)

Entrance + Unit + Unit + Short Seating + Unit + Unit + Long Seating + tasleem

Description of the Prayer and its Compenents

After having performed wudu (Described at the end),

Stand Facing Mecca

Entrance into Prayer

Must know which prayer you are going to pray. This is called the intention, and it must be present prior to entering the prayer:

raise your hands to your shoulder level, or to the sides of your ears (don't touch your ears):

Say Allahu Akbar as you do this.

A Unit of Prayer

A unit of prayer is made up of:

· Standing Recitation

· Bowing

· Standing after the Bow

· Two prostrations, with sitting in between.

Standing Position (Recitation)

Put your left hand on your chest, then your right hand ontop of your left hand.

If you have memorized Al-Fatiha (opening chapter of Koran) then recite the Fatiha:

A'outh billahi minash-shaytanir-rajeem

1. Bismillahirrahman Arraheem

(Make sure you listen to this next one).

2.  Al-Hamdulillahi Rabbil 'Aalameen

3. Ar-Rahman Ar-Raheem

4. Maliki Yawmid-Deeni

5. Iyyaka Na'budu wa Iyyaka Nasta'een

6. Ihdina As-Sirata Al-Mustaqeema

7. Sirata Al-latheena An'amta 'Alayhim

Ghayril Maghdhoobi 'Alayhim, Waladh-Dhaaaalleeen

 Aameeen

If this is your first, or second unit in a prayer, then recite any other short Surah (Chapter) from the Koran.

If you have not memorized Al-Fatihah Then Say "Subhanallah, Al-Hamdulillah, Laa ilaha illa Allah, w'Allahu Akbar" a few times.

To Move to the Bowing Position

raise your hands to the sides of your ears (don't touch your ears), or to your shoulder level

Say Allahu Akbar as you do this.

Lower your head into the bowing position.

Bowing Position

Your back should be flat. Look with your eyes to the place where your head will be when you will later be in prostration on the ground. Your two hands should grip your knees firmly. Keep your knees straight.

Say Subhana Rabbiyal Atheem 3 times.

Lifting up from the Bow

As you lift upwards from the bow:

Say Sami'allahu liman hamidahu .

As you Reach The Standing Position Again:

raise your hands to your shoulder level, or to the sides of your ears (don't touch your ears):

Say Rabbana wa lakal hamd as you do this, and then put your hands back on your chest as they were in the first standing position. There is more to say in this position but that is optional, and you should learn that later. But make sure you raise your back completely, and you reach a full standing position, and that you feel rested in this position. Remember it is a position, not a movement.

Moving into the Prostration Position:

Say Allahu Akbar then move down into the prostration position. You should land on your hands first.

The Prostration Position:

Here put your forehead on the floor, your nose, your two hands (but not your elbows), your two knees, and the back of your toes. Your toes should be pointed forward. Your two feet touching together. Your fingers should be together, and pointed forward. Your hands should be on both sides of your head. This being either next to your ears, or at shoulder distance.

Say Subhana Rabbiyal A'laa 3 times.

Move to a Sitting:

Sit up saying Allahu Akbar as you move from the prostration into the sitting position.

The Sitting Between Prostrations:

You shall be sitting on your left foot. This left foot should be layed flat on the ground such that your heel is towards your left side, and your toes towards your right side. As for your right foot, it is upright just like it was during prostration. Meaning the toes of your right foot are pointing towards the direction of prayer, and the back of the toes is firmly on the ground. This can be painful for a couple of months. You might choose to practice it later. For now you might just point your toes backward until you are comfortable with the other aspects of the prayer. The palm of your right hand should lay flat on your right knee, and the palm of your left hand should lay flat on your left knee.

Say Rabbighfirlee Rabbighfirlee. (optional).

Move Back to a Prostration:

Say Allahu Akbar as you do this.

Second Prostration:

This is just like the first prostration. Remember to bring your feet together again. Your fingers should be together, and pointed forward. Your hands should be on both sides of your head. This being either next to your ears, or at shoulder distance.

Say Subhana Rabbiyal A'laa 3 times.

Lifting up From the Second Prostration

If you are going to pray another unit, make a fist with your hands, and push your self up with your hands. As if you were punching the floor, but this is gentle, no punching.

About the Seatings

There are three types of seatings in a prayer. One called the seating between two prostrations which has already been described above. Then there is the short seating, and the long seating. Let me explain what these are.

A Short Seating

I call it a short seating because we only say the tashahhud in a short seating. We don't say the Salawaat Al-Ibraahimiyyah in a short seating.

A Long Seating

A long seating consist of both the tashahhud, and the Salawaat Al-Ibraahimiyyah.

How to Sit?

If a seating is a second seating in a prayer it has a different way of sitting than the first seating in a prayer. All prayers have two seatings except for the Fajr prayer which is made up of only two units, and thus only has one seating.

Form of First Seating

The form for this seating is just like the form of the seating between prostrations. Let's repeat the description here. You shall be sitting on your left foot. The foot layed flat on the ground such that your heel is towards your left side, and your toes towards your right side. As for your right foot, it is upright just like it was during prostration. Meaning the toes of your right foot are pointing towards the direction of prayer, and the back of the toes is firmly on the ground. This can be painful until you get used to it which might take a couple of months. You might choose to practice it later. For now you might just point your toes backward until you learn the prayer. Your right hand should be on your right knee but read moving the finger below for the correct way to do this, and the palm of your left hand should be on your left knee.

Form of Second Seating (Tawarruk)

This form of seating is called Tawarruk. It is only prayed in prayers consisting of 3, or more units. The reason is that these are the only prayers with a second seating. Until you learn the other aspects of your prayer it might be better just to sit both seatings in the same form as the First Seating. I will now explain the form of this second seating inshallah. But don't practice it until you have become comfortable with the rest of the prayer. Your right hand should be on your right knee but read moving the finger below for the correct way to do this, and the palm of your left hand should be on your left knee.

Here you shall be sitting on on the ground instead of your left foot. Your left foot now is slipped under your right foot. If I were looking at you from the right side while you were sitting the Tawarruk I would see the toes of your left foot peaking out from underneath your right leg. As for your right foot, it is upright just like it is in a first seating, or during prostration. Meaning the toes of your right foot are pointing towards the direction of prayer, and the back of the toes is firmly on the ground. This can be painful, and it might take you a couple of months to get used to sitting this way. You might choose to practice this later on. For now you might just point your toes backward until you learn the other aspects of the prayer.

Moving the Finger

While in a short, or long seating you are saying either the tashahhud, or the tashahhud, followed by The Salawat Al-Ibrahimiyyah. While saying these the thumb of your right hand should form a circle with the middle finger of the right hand. You place your hand on your right leg, towards the knee. Your index finger should be pointed, as if you were pointing. You also slowly move your index finger up, and down while saying the tashahhud, or Salawat Al-Ibraheemiyyah.

Where to look while in a Seating?

You should be looking at your finger of the right hand which is pointing.

What to Say in a Seating?

A long seating consist of both the tashahhud, and the Salawaat Al-Ibraahimiyyah. A short seating may consist of only a tashahhud.

Tashahhud

Until you learn the tashahhud just say:

Say "Subhanallah, Al-Hamdulillah, Laa ilaha illa Allah, w'Allahu Akbar" a few times.

To learn the tashahhud later, here it is

"At-Tahiyyatu lillahi was-salawatu wat-tayyibatu,

assalamu alannabiyyi wa rahmatullahi wa barkaatuhu,

as-salamu 'alaynaa, wa 'ala 'ibadillahis-saliheena,

ash-hadu al-laa ilaaha illa Allahu,

wa ash-hadu anna Muhammadan 'abduhu wa rasooluhu."

Salawaat Al-Ibraahimiyyah.

Until you learn the tashahhud just say:

Say "Subhanallah, Al-Hamdulillah, Laa ilaha illa Allah, w'Allahu Akbar" a few times.

To learn the Salawat Al-Ibraheemiyyah later, here it is

"Allahumma salli 'ala Muhammadin, wa 'ala 'aali Muhammadin,

Kama Sallayta 'ala ['aali] Ibraheem,

wa Baarik 'ala Muhammadin, wa 'ala 'aali Muhammadin,

Kama Baarakta 'ala ['aali] Ibraheem,

fil 'aalameen innaka hameedun majeed"

How the Prayer Ends

This is called tasleem. You turn your head to the right enough for a person behind you to see the side of your face, then say: Assalamu aleikum wa rahmatullah . Then turn your head to the left enough for a person behind you to see the side of your face, then say: Assalamu aleikum wa rahmatullah .


Hand Held Sheet

Enter into Prayer:

raise your hands, and say Allahu Akbar as you do this.

Unit Starts Here <-

Standing Position

Say "Subhanallah, Al-Hamdulillah, Laa ilaha illa Allah, w'Allahu Akbar" a few times.

Only until you learn Al-Fatiha, then any other short Surah (Chapter) from the Koran.

Move to the Bowing Position

raise your hands, and say Allahu Akbar as you do this.

Bowing Position

Say Subhana Rabbiyal Atheem 3 times.

Lifting up from the Bow

Say Sami'allahu liman hamidahu , then

As you Reach The Standing Position Again:

raise your hands, and say Rabbana wa lakal hamd

Moving into the Prostration Position:

Say Allahu Akbar

The Prostration Position:

Say Subhana Rabbiyal A'laa 3 times.

Move to a Sitting:

Say Allahu Akbar as you move from the prostration into the sitting position.

The Sitting Between Prostrations:

Say Rabbighfirlee Rabbighfirlee. (optional).

Move Back to a Prostration:

Say Allahu Akbar as you do this.

Second Prostration:

Say Subhana Rabbiyal A'laa 3 times.

Unit Ends Here <-

Now start another unit, saying Allahu Akbar as you get up, or move to a seating also saying Allahu Akbar as you move.

Seatings

Tashahhud

Until you learn the tashahhud just say:

"Subhanallah, Al-Hamdulillah, Laa ilaha illa Allah, w'Allahu Akbar" a few times.

To learn the tashahhud later, here it is

"At-Tahiyyatu lillahi was-salawatu wat-tayyibatu,

assalamu alannabiyyi wa rahmatullahi wa barkaatuhu,

as-salamu 'alaynaa, wa 'ala 'ibadillahis-saliheena,

ash-hadu al-laa ilaaha illa Allahu,

wa ash-hadu anna Muhammadan 'abduhu wa rasooluhu."

Salawaat Al-Ibraahimiyyah.

Until you learn the Salawaat Al-Ibraahimiyyah just say:

Say "Subhanallah, Al-Hamdulillah, Laa ilaha illa Allah, w'Allahu Akbar" a few times.

To learn the Salawat Al-Ibraheemiyyah later, here it is

"Allahumma salli 'ala Muhammadin, wa 'ala 'aali Muhammadin,

Kama Sallayta 'ala ['aali] Ibraheem,

wa Baarik 'ala Muhammadin, wa 'ala 'aali Muhammadin,

Kama Baarakta 'ala ['aali] Ibraheem,

fil 'aalameen innaka hameedun majeed"

Ending the Prayer

Say Assalamu aleikum wa rahmatullah once facing the right, and then face the left, and do it again.

After Ending the Prayer

Say: Astaghfirullah, astaghfirullah, astaghfirullah .

Also say: Subhanallah 33 times, Al-Hamdulillah 33 times, Allahu Akbar 33 times. Count these with the fingertips of your right hand only.

These are short. Please refer to Authentic Supplications of the Prophet by Waleed Al-Essa. It is published by the Daar of Islamic Heritage. Their address is:

The Daar of Islamic Heritage
PO Box 450186, Kissimmee, FL
Kissimmee, Florida 34743
001407-348-9693 (Fax)


Wash Instructions

Wash instructions

Say: Bismillah (if you forget no problem, but don't intentionally not say that)

You should have the intention of washing up for prayer

Wash Sequence

Hands x 3, Mouth n Nose x3, Face x3, Right Arm x3, Left Arm x3, Top of head then ear x1, Right foot x3, Left Foot x3.

Explanation:

Hands x 3

Wash your hands three times.

No need for soap, just water

Mouth and Nose x3

take a little water in your hand, and rinse out your mouth and nose. It is sort of like rinsing out your mouth and blowing your nose. You only need a very little amount of water in your hand, and this is used for both the mouth and nose each time.

Face x3

Wash your face three times. Forehead to chin, and ear to ear.

Right Arm x3

Wash your whole arm, make sure you get the elbows. The water should reach your whole hand.

Left Arm x3

Same

Top of head then ear x1

Slightly wet both your hands, pass your hand from your forehand to the back of your head, and then back again to your forehead. With the same water wet your ear. The ear bit is done using your thumb, and your index finger. The index finger inside the ear, and the thumb behind the ear. You wipe the outside of the ear with your thumb. This is done with the same water as wiping your head.

Right foot x3

Lift your right foot into the sink, wash between the fingers, the whole foot, and make sure you get the back of the foot, and up to the ankles.

Left Foot x3.

Same

What breaks wudu

1- Urination

2- Bowl Movement

3- Breaking Wind

4- Donating blood, or bleeding excessively.

5- Eating Camel Meat

6- Sexual Intercourse

7- Sleeping

8- Wet Dream

Rough Ghusl (Full Shower) Insructions

When is Ghusl (Full Shower) Necessary?

1- When you first become a Muslim

2- After Wet Dream

3- After Sexual Intercourse (meeting of sexual organs), or any discharge of semen.

4- For women, after end of menstrual period.

5- For women, after post delivery bleeding ends.

6- For men each Friday for the Friday prayer (Highly encouraged, but not a necessity).

How to do Ghusl?

The following instruction is minimum. It will get you bye. But you should seek to learn the better procedure, and this can be found the wudu.doc which you can request from me (pure@moc.kw), or downloaded from http://members.aol.com/abasmsn.

1- Take a whole shower, let the water run down your head, and over your entire body. Make sure you wash your whole body. Take a little water with your right hand and rinse your mouth and nose.

2- It is good to make wudu as part of the Ghusl but this is not a condition.

Note: Women are not allowed to pray the formal prayer during the monthly period, or after childbirth until the bleeding stops. These prayers are not to be made up either.

If Water is harmful to you, or not available, there is a form of cleaning called Tayammum. It requires no water, and is valid for only one prayer. That is very easy also, and it replaces both the full shower, and the wudu. But if water becomes available, and there is no health hazard, it is not allowed. This you can read about in "Your Way to Islam" a booklet which you can also request from me, or download from the web site mentioned above.

click below to send me email.